COLUMBUS, Ohio (AP) — Ohio’s high court denied legal standing Tuesday to opponents of the private job-creation agency created by Ohio Gov. John Kasich, ending a legal fight that has dogged JobsOhio since its inception in 2011.
In a 5-2 decision, the Ohio Supreme Court said ProgressOhio, two Democratic state lawmakers and their allies failed to prove they had a stake in the case, siding with lower courts.
“If and when an injured party seeks to challenge JobsOhio, we may entertain such a case,” Justice Judith French wrote for the majority. “But those parties are not before us today.”
The ruling marked a significant victory for Kasich, JobsOhio and the holders of $1.5 billion in bonds that the agency put on the market in January 2013. JobsOhio moved forward with the bond sale despite the pending court case.
Chief Justice Maureen O’Connor, Justice Judith Lanzinger and Beth Whitmore, sitting for Justice Terrence O’Donnell, concurred with the ruling, with Justice Judith Kennedy concurring in judgment only. Justices Paul Pfeifer and William O’Neill dissented.
The lawsuit alleged that JobsOhio’s funding structure violates a prohibition in Ohio’s Constitution against turning taxpayer dollars over to a private entity. That question remains unresolved, unless another lawsuit is brought against the nonprofit job-creation board that Kasich envisioned to move “at the speed of business.”
The state argued that the parties, ProgressOhio and Democrats Mike Skindell and Dennis Murray, couldn’t show harm, so they didn’t have standing to sue. Opponents argued the law created an impossibly small window in which they had to both experience harm and meet the deadline for filing their legal challenge.
“To succeed in bringing a public-right case, a litigant must allege ‘rare and extraordinary’ issues that threaten serious public injury,” the court said. “Not all allegedly illegal or unconstitutional government actions rise to this level of importance.”
Pfeifer said the decision Tuesday marked the third time the Republican-dominated court had failed to determine the constitutionality of legislation creating JobsOhio — saying first “not here,” then “not now.”
“Today, this court ends all doubt about when it will determine the constitutionality of the JobsOhio legislation, essentially responding, ‘Not ever,’” he wrote.
John Minor, president and chief investment officer of JobsOhio, has said proceeds of the bond sale allowed the agency to hire more staff and expand its public outreach efforts to bring jobs to the state. The bond sale was backed by future liquor profits.
The fight over the standing issue had drawn attention across the political spectrum.
The libertarian 1851 Center for Constitutional Law sided with ProgressOhio, a sometime political adversary, in its legal effort. The law center’s Maurice Thompson argued that laws denying taxpayers the standing to sue government are dangerous and increasingly common. The conservative Ohio Roundtable had also closely watched the case, viewing it is precedent-setting for other groups seeking to challenge the constitutionality of government actions.
During oral arguments in November, JobsOhio opponents said the state’s Constitution would be left defenseless if their politically diverse coalition wasn’t granted standing in the case. The 1851 Center’s Maurice Thompson, arguing for the plaintiffs, told justices the law that created JobsOhio contained almost insurmountable legal hurdles. That included a 90-day window to sue that closed before the office could have had any impact on a potential plaintiff.
State attorney Stephen Carney argued that plenty of parties had a legitimate right to sue JobsOhio, they just chose not to. He argued those with standing must have an individual stake in the case, not be pursuing generalized “public interest.”
He said those with a stake include public employees who might have been harmed as state development functions began to be handed over to the private entity in 2011, or bondholders and liquor dealers affected by the transfer of Ohio’s spiritous liquor business to fund the entity.