Steelworkers join police patrols in east Ukraine

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Pro-Russian men hold their weapons atop a vehicle as they arrive to support their comrades at a checkpoint outside Slovyansk, eastern Ukraine, Thursday, May 15, 2014. On Thursday, Ukraine’s acting president, Oleksandr Turchynov, claimed the Ukrainian army destroyed an insurgent base in the city of Slovyansk and another one in nearby Kramatorsk, about 150 kilometers (95 miles) west of the Russian border. (AP Photo/Alexander Zemlianichenko)

Pro-Russian men hold their weapons atop a vehicle as they arrive to support their comrades at a checkpoint outside Slovyansk, eastern Ukraine, Thursday, May 15, 2014. On Thursday, Ukraine’s acting president, Oleksandr Turchynov, claimed the Ukrainian army destroyed an insurgent base in the city of Slovyansk and another one in nearby Kramatorsk, about 150 kilometers (95 miles) west of the Russian border. (AP Photo/Alexander Zemlianichenko)

FILE – In this Monday, May 12, 2014 file photo Russian President Vladimir Putin meets with Interior Ministry Troops Commander Nikolai Rogozhkin, appointed as president’s representative in the Siberian Federal District, in the Bocharov Ruchei residence in the Black Sea resort of Sochi, Russia. Russia will only deliver gas to Ukraine only if it pays in advance starting from next month, President Vladimir Putin said in a letter released Thursday May 15, 2014, raising the pressure on the struggling neighbor. (AP Photo/RIA-Novosti, Mikhail Klimentyev, Presidential Press Service)

In this photo taken Wednesday, May 14, 2014, Russian President Vladimir Putin meets with Orenburg region governor Yuri Berg in the Bocharov Ruchei residence in the Black Sea resort of Sochi, Russia. Russia will only deliver gas to Ukraine only if it pays in advance starting from next month, President Vladimir Putin said in a letter released Thursday, raising the pressure on the struggling neighbor. (AP Photo/RIA-Novosti, Mikhail Klimentyev, Presidential Press Service)

Viktor Melnikov, 76, an elderly local citizen, looks the damage after a mine exploded near his house during an exchange fire between pro-Russian militants and government troops outside Slovyansk, eastern Ukraine, Thursday, May 15, 2014. The Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, a trans-Atlantic security group, put forward a “road map” calling for national dialogue as a first step toward resolving the escalating tensions. (AP Photo/Alexander Zemlianichenko)

Viktor Melnikov, 76, an elderly local citizen, looks at the damage after a mine exploded near his house during an exchange of fire between pro-Russian militants and government troops outside Slovyansk, eastern Ukraine, Thursday, May 15, 2014. The Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, a trans-Atlantic security group, put forward a “road map” calling for national dialogue as a first step toward resolving the escalating tensions. (AP Photo/Alexander Zemlianichenko)

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KIEV, Ukraine (AP) — Steelworkers employed by Ukraine’s biggest tycoon have joined police on patrol in some disputed eastern Ukrainian cities, and the company said Thursday that its officials had struck a deal with police and pro-Russian separatists in one of the cities for the insurgents to leave occupied government buildings.

It was unclear how significant the development was. Photographs posted by police did not reveal whether the steelworkers were armed, and it was unknown whether they intended to confront the armed separatists who have declared parts of eastern Ukraine independent.

But police said the patrols in Mariupol and Makeevka had helped solve or prevent crimes, including robbery. Mariupol, a city of about 495,000 in the Donetsk region, was gripped by violence last week when clashes between police and protesters killed at least seven people.

The steelworkers are from plants belonging to Metinvest, part of the business empire of Rinat Akhmetov, believed to be Ukraine’s richest man. On Wednesday, Akhmetov issued a statement calling on Donetsk to remain part of Ukraine, arguing that independence or absorption into Russia would be economically catastrophic.

That warning did little to dampen separatist fervor in the Donetsk region, where insurgents calling themselves the Donetsk People’s Republic announced a parliament on Thursday. After a weekend referendum denounced as illegitimate by both Ukraine’s central government and the West, separatists in Donetsk and the neighboring Luhansk region declared themselves independent.

However, a Donetsk People’s Republic leader in Mariupol was party to an agreement with steel plant directors and local police on improving security in the city and vacating separatist-occupied buildings, according to a Metinvest statement. That could indicate that Akhmetov, through his companies, could play an influential role in the crisis.

Russian President Vladimir Putin, meanwhile, added pressure on Ukraine on Thursday by saying it must pay in advance for Russian gas supplies starting next month. Ukraine is heavily dependent on Russian gas, especially for the heavy industries that are the core of Akhmetov’s business.

Putin said Ukraine’s debt for Russian gas supplies stands at $3.5 billion, and criticized it for refusing to pay despite a $3.2 billion bailout from the International Monetary Fund. He said it will have to switch to pre-paid gas beginning June 1.

The Russian president first warned of the move in April in a letter to European leaders, whose nations are customers of the Russian state-controlled natural gas giant Gazprom. Ukraine serves as a major conduit for Russian gas supplies to Europe, and pricing disputes have led to shutdowns in the past.

Ukraine says it would pay if Moscow restores the price discounts canceled after pro-Russian President Viktor Yanukovych was toppled in February following months of protests.

Russia denounced Yanukovych’s ouster as a coup and sent its troops to take over Ukraine’s Black Sea peninsula of Crimea, which it annexed weeks later. In April, a mutiny erupted across Ukraine’s vast eastern industrial heartland, where pro-Russian insurgents seized government buildings and fought government troops.

It seems like a laborious formation. How about: Native Russian speakers predominate in the east and many allege the central goverment is a nationalist junta bent on repressing them.

The insurgents in Donetsk on Thursday announced the creation of their own parliament and Cabinet. The new defense minister is Igor Strelkov, the leader of the insurgents’ armed wing who Kiev says is a Russian intelligence officer.

“A civil war

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